Romans in Britain

History Lessons

The Romans in Britain Lessons Pack contains a complete 10-lesson unit of work for Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11), with detailed lesson plans, Powerpoint slides, teacher guides and printable activity sheets.

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1. Where did the Roman Empire come from?

This lesson introduces the Roman Empire in its historical and geographical contexts. Pupils will make a timeline to set this period into the wider context of world history. Then they will learn two contrasting stories about the founding of Rome, discussing the difference between legends and historical fact.  

Objectives:

  • To find out where the Roman Empire originated

  • To place the beginning of the Roman Empire onto a timeline

  • To evaluate stories about the founding of Rome

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2. How did the Roman army help to expand the Roman Empire?

How did the Roman army help to expand the Roman Empire? This lesson invites pupils to discover how the Roman Empire spread across many different countries. Pupils will research the Roman army and analyse why it was so powerful. They will then be able to design and make their own Roman shield and use it to role-play being part of a Roman legion.

Objectives:

  • To see how the Roman Empire expanded over time

  • To evaluate how the Roman army contributed to the expansion of the empire

  • To design a Roman shield

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3. What was Britain like before the Romans invaded?

This lesson explores what Britain looked like just before the Roman invasion and it provides a key background before analysing the impact of the Roman invasion in subsequent lessons. Pupils will explore an Iron Age tribal map and consider how the geography affects invasion strategies. Then pupils will become Roman ‘spies’, reporting on key aspects of the culture, landscape and lifestyle of Iron Age Britain.

Objectives:

  • To explain what Britain looked like just before the Romans invaded

  • To evaluate how different aspects of life in Iron Age Britain might have affected the success of the Roman invasion

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4. How did Britain become part of the Roman Empire? (FREE)

This lesson addresses the question of why the Romans wanted to invade Britain. Pupils will be introduced to the different invasion attempts and discover which one was successful. Then pupils will put themselves in the position of the Celts and they will take part in a class debate to decide whether they should fight back against the Romans or not.

Objectives:

  • To evaluate why the Romans wanted to invade Britain

  • To compare the different invasion attempts

  • To participate in a class debate about the Roman invasion

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5. Who was Boudica and how did she rebel against the Romans?

In this lesson, pupils will develop their skills of working with historical sources in order to find out about the character of Boudica. They will be introduced to primary and secondary sources to help them to learn the story of Boudica's rebellion against the Romans. Then they will have the opportunity to make a comic strip of the story and to learn a humorous song about Boudica.

Objectives:

  • To use historical sources to find out about Boudica

  • To explore the story of Boudica’s rebellion against the Romans.

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6. What did the Romans build after they settled in Britain?

This lesson looks at the different buildings and structures that the Romans introduced to Britain to improve the efficiency of society. Pupils will be introduced to new vocabulary and then research Roman roads and aqueducts. There is a choice of activities; pupils will either map out some key Roman roads or they will make their own aqueduct model and test it out with running water.

Objectives:

  • To explain how the landscape of Britain was changed by what the Romans built

  • To give examples of how the Romans designed buildings and structures to make a more efficient society

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7. What were houses like in Roman Britain?

Pupils will learn about the different houses found in Roman Britain and what sort of people might live in each house type. After comparing house types, pupils will consider what sort of evidence survives today from Roman building, with a focus on floor mosaics. Pupils will then design their own floor mosaic fit for a wealthy Roman villa.

Objectives:

  • To compare different types of houses from Roman Britain

  • To give examples of evidence that survives from Roman buildings

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8. What can archaeological sites tell us about Roman Britain?

In this lesson, pupils will play a fun game to find out about the way in which archaeologists conduct excavations. They will develop their knowledge of key Roman sites that can be visited in Britain today. Pupils will use their knowledge to make a tourist brochure to explain what key sites tell us about life in Roman Britain.

Objectives:

  • To understand how archaeologists find evidence about Roman Britain

  • To describe one or more Roman sites in Britain and give examples of key findings

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9. How did bathhouses provide leisure for Romans in Britain?

In this exciting lesson, pupils will study how people might have spent their spare time in Roman Britain. Pupils will find out about the different parts of a public bathhouse and then work in groups to turn their classroom into a Roman bathhouse ready for a Roman day trip!

Objectives:

  • To understand how archaeologists find evidence about Roman Britain

  • To describe one or more Roman sites in Britain and give examples of key findings

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10. What lasting impact did the Romans leave in Britain?

Pupils will consider what kind of legacy the Romans left in Britain. They will find out about everyday things that the Romans introduced to Britain and will analyse the significance of different legacies in a card sorting activity ready for a balloon debate. Pupils will finish by recording selfies of modern everyday activities made possible because of the Roman legacy.

Objectives:

  • To evaluate the impact of the Roman Empire on modern Britain To debate the most important Roman legacies

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Full Unit

Download the full unit containing all 10 lessons, with detailed planning, pupil resources and Powerpoint slides

 

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